Nethope 2017 Device Challenge

Project nameNethope 2017 Device Challenge: Bangladesh
DonorUnited States Technical supported by SCI
Technical supported bySave the Children
Project Duration2017- 2018
Working AreaDhaka North City Corporation, Word No- 2,3,5,6 (Mirpur-12,Mirpur-11, Mirpur-10,Mirpur-7, Mirpur-6, Mirpur-2)
Main Activities • Computer Lab Setup: 4 computer lab were set up by SCI. There were 90 computers with 96 computer tables & 96 chairs,34 UPS and 100 tabs had been given by SCI.
• Community awareness.
• Provide ICT training.
• Job placement.
ObjectivesProvide soft skills and basic computer to the vulnerable adolescent youths and place them to employment.
Expected results • 3600 vulnerable youths will be training on soft skills and basic computer in decorated computer Lab.
• 80% of direct reach employed.
Target Group • Deprived, adolescent and youth from poor households.
• Drop out youths.
• Age group 14-24 years.
• At least class 8 and at best class 12.
Total Youth Reach • Total reach: 3600
• Direct reach: 3280
• Indirect Reach: 320
Description of the project: I. In the month of July ‘2017 there are some awareness program organized by SEEP in Mirpur such as community mobilization, Miking, Leaflet, meeting with the parents & local governments.
II. Enrolled minimum 600 target youths by 5 community mobilizer for 45 days each batch of 5th batch.
III. Enrolled youths took 120 hours soft skills & basic computer training by recruited ICT instructors in the 4 labs in our Vocational Training Center.
IV. After taking sort course, some of them went to employed in local computer shop, chain shop etc and rest of were went to 5 clubs in Mirpur-12, Bauniabadh, Sabuj Bangla, Ta Block & Duaripara of S2S program for 3 months. Then they went to our VTC for the 3 months IT/BPO training.
V. We have ensured 80% job placement in different organization as projects required.
Staff of the project:One project Coordinator and 2 ICT teachers were recruited by HRD of SEEP.

Journey Towards Disaster Resilient Dhaka City

Project TitleJourney Towards Disaster Resilient Dhaka City project (JTRDC) - An Urban Risk Reduction Project.
Overall GoalMost vulnerable children in Dhaka urban areas grow up in a disaster resilient environment.
Project Results/ ObjectiveObjective:-
To strengthen accountability of duty bearers towards right holders of Dhaka city including 17354 children of two slums in ward 2 and 5 for resilient city.
Project Results:-
1. Increased awareness and capacity of children, youth and communities on disaster preparedness and Climate change and adaptation.
2. Duty bearers and stakeholders are sensitized and ensured their commitment on reduction of disaster risk of city dwellers including most vulnerable urban children.
3. Civil Society Organizations are active in making accountable the duty bearer to deliver their commitment towards child centred Urban Disaster Risk Reduction
DurationJuly 2015 - June 2019
Funded BySIDA
Supported ByPlan International Bangladesh
Geographical CoverageWard- 02 & 05, Zone- 02, Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC)
BudgetBDT 76,372,409
Target Beneficiaries • Direct: 100 children and 50 Youths
• Indirect: 72000
Target Groups • Vulnerable youth, children and their parents
• Children who are involved in hazardous job
• Duty Bearers-
1. Primary duty bearers (i.e. government institutions and representatives, law enforcement officials, social workers):-
• Ward Councillor- elected representative- 02
• Zonal Executive Office 02
• Social Welfare and Slum improvement authority under Dhaka North City Corporation
• Elected member of the Parliament
• Dhaka City Corporation
• RAJUK
2. Secondary duty bearers (i.e. caregivers, teachers, gatekeepers, civil society):-
• Slum Development Committee
• CSOs at the local level (NGOs, CBOs, Journalist forum)
• Different alliance at national level of environment movement (BELA, BAPA)
• CSOs at the national level (Urban Cluster, INGO Consortium involved in school based DRR i.e. NARRI and DeSHARI
Strategic Partners • Urban Community Volunteers (UCV)
• School Disaster Management Committee (SDMC)
• Madrasa Disaster Management Committee (MDMC)
• Civil Society Organization (CSO)
• Community Based Organization (CBO)
• Housing Society Committee
• Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC)
• Department of Disaster Management (DDM)
• Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR)
• Bangladesh Fire Service and Civil Defense (BFSCD)
• Urban Development Directorate (UDD)
• Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha (RAJUK)
• Housing Building Research Institute (HBRI)
• Ward Disaster Management Committee (WDMC)
• City Development Journalist Forum, Bangladesh (CDJFB)
• Media Network (TV, Newspaper and FM Radio)
Main Components/ Interventions of the Project • Capacity Building: The project adopt capacity building as means to address the significant gaps in knowledge and skills amongst the target groups and this is increasing their empowerment, participation in their own risk reduction and also their capacity to voice their concerns. Pursuing this strategy, vulnerable children and their communities are now informed and skilled and built confidence and capacity to tackle issues themselves, these knowledge and skill sets are remain with the targeted population even after the project period.
• Promoting inclusion, Gender equality and the building of self-esteem: Following a transparent and participatory process, the project will target the most vulnerable and excluded girls and boys to be direct beneficiaries of the activities being implemented. Throughout the project life cycle, vulnerable children will be empowered to become more active members for desired change, creating opportunities to build their self-esteem and engage with others.
• Linking and networking: the project will ensure stakeholders are empowered and engaged and better engaged with relevant authorities for a more sustainable exit strategy
• Implementing and learning: Plan is committed to ensure the capturing of project learning and sharing at wider level to inform national government policies and practices and other stakeholder who are engaged in similar kind of intervention
• Advocacy and campaign: Project will continuously mobilize vulnerable children in assistance from CSO so that vulnerable can raise their voice and duty bearer are mobilized to protect their rights
Project in briefTowards Disaster Resilient Dhaka City project is a 4-years long project funded by SIDA and implemented by Plan International Bangladesh through implementing partner Social and Economic Enhancement Programme (SEEP). The project is being implemented at Ward 2 & 5 of Dhaka North City Corporation from 2015. Objective of the project is to enhance disaster resilience of children and youth in two urban slums in Dhaka city through participation of duty bearers and CSOs in Child Centered Urban DRR (CCUDRR) process. Activities of this project have been segregated to achieve three key result areas of increase resilience of the most marginalized children by awareness rising at community level, sensitizing key stakeholders and duty bearers, and advocacy among CSOs and duty bearers.

Danida Strategic Partnership Agreement

Project TitleDanida Strategic Partnership Agreement- SPA
Overall GoalTo empower and improved their economic, social and political status deprived and adolescent’s youth aged above 15 to 24 years for obtaining decent employment with active support from strengthened CSOs.
Project Results/ Objective • Deprived adolescent and youth demonstrate employability skills by gaining employment
• Deprived adolescent and youth have improved capacity and opportunities for local duty bearers to address their needs & concerns
• Deprived adolescent and youth have improved capacity and opportunities for local duty bearers to address their needs & concerns
DurationJanuary 2018 - December 2021
Funded BySave the Children, Denmark.
Supported BySave the Children, Bangladesh
Geographical CoverageWard No: 2, 3 & 5 (Mirpur-11) under the Dhaka North City
BudgetBDT 86,56,573
Target Beneficiaries • 5,400 Youths
• Indirect Total Reaching 24000 peoples
Target Groups • Adolescents and Youths
• Drop out students
• Civil Society Organization (CSO)
• Parents
• Caregivers
Main Components/ Interventions of the Project • Capacity Building
• Trained by TVET on Industrial Garments Sewing and Electrical & Electronic Trades
• Trained up on CFLG and Resiliece
• Get apprenticeship in a factory or company
• Get a decent Job after training from 2 CLC and 1 VTC.
Project in briefDanida SPA – Danida Stratejic Partnership Agreement is a four years adolescents and deprived youths improvement and empowerment project of Save the Children Bangladesh funded Save the Children Denmark. At least 5,400 adolescents and youths will skilled by getting Employability Skills from CLC and will get 3 months vocational training at our own VTC. After completed VTC they get apprenticeship in Trade related factory or a company and then they get a decent job or self-employed. They could change their life standard and support their families by monthly income. Adolescents and youths trained up on Youths Resilience (10 weeks) and CFLG. Their caregivers also trained up on Youths Resilience (4weeks).It hopes to reach of people twenty four thousand (24,000) indirect beneficiaries through its activities with the support in the urban area of ward no : 2,3 & 5 of Dhaka North City Corporation. Its overall purpose is to increase capacity and resilience of urban slum communities of ward no 2, 3 & 5 of Dhaka north City Corporation to know how to build own self for getting a decent job or self-employed.

The project’s main interventions target caregivers and youths in particular, ensuring their participation in Child Friendly with Local Governance – CFLG and Together with Children - TWC. To sustain the effort, Danida SPA project will act to build a strong network and liaison with Local government, certain Employers.

Work 2 Learn Dressmann

Reaching Out of School Children

Project TitleReaching Out of School Children(ROSC-II) Project
Urban Slum Children Education Program(USCE) Program.
Overall GoalThe overall objective of the ROSC-II project is to reduce the number of Out of school Children through equitable, retention and completion in quality primary education in selected under-served areas
Project Results/ Objective i. Supporting students and learning centers with education allowance and grants to ensure access, participation and completion of primary education.
ii. Building private –public partnership for more effective management of learning centers (LCs) to deliver quality primary education.
iii. Enhancing women’s empowerment to enable them to participate in the decision making process as regards to LC establishment and management
iv. Establishing and strengthening the capacity of structures and mechanism for local level planning, management and monitoring of primary education delivered by the ROSC project with the participation of the wider community.
v. Introducing intensive teacher training for the professional development of teachers for improved Teaching and learning skills.
DurationMarch 2017 – December 2020
Funded ByPeople’s Republic of Bangladesh
Supported ByDirectorate of Primary Education(DPE)
Geographical CoverageDhaka, Gazipur and Narayongonj under SEEP
BudgetBDT 8,99,05,278(yearly)
Target Beneficiaries • Direct: 7936
• Indirect: 8760
Target Groups • Urban Slum Children
• Parents and Guardians of direct beneficiaries
• Urban Community people
• Compound Management Committee
Strategic Partners • ROSC Unit
• Compound Management Committee
• Implementing agency
• MIS Cell
• Sonali Bank
• Government Primary school
• Thana Education office
• District Primary Education Office
• Slum Development Officer
• Local Government
Main Components/ Interventions of the Project • Community Mobilization
• School Compound establishment and operating
• Teachers Training
• Coordination with stakeholders
Project in briefThe Ministry of Primary and Mass Education is working towards that end. There are 63,601 Government Primary Schools providing free primary education, there are several mass literacy programs. ROSC Phase - 2 (Reaching Out of School Children) is an endeavor of the Government undertaken in 2013 to provide a second chance to education for the disadvantaged children aged 8-14 years who never had the chance to enroll in the primary schools or who had to drop out for reasons of other necessities. The idea is to reduce the number of drop outs by creating scopes for (i) equitable access to primary education (ii) retention and (iii) completion of quality primary education.

Despite the remarkable progress of economic growth and social transformation as well as educational opportunities at the primary and secondary levels many school-aged children are still left out of school, particularly those from poor households and under-served areas. To address these underserved areas, poor house hold and disadvantaged groups, ROSC II is scaling up Urban Slum Children’s Education program. 50,000 new learners are being targeted from the urban slums of all the city corporation areas of the country.

The Urban Slum Children’s Education Program scale up activities will be implemented by qualified NGOs who will act as Implementing Agencies (IAs). 10 NGOs have been finally selected on the basis of their competencies, presence in the field, capacity and other agreed qualifications. IAs will deliver formal primary curriculum for grade 1-5 through non formal approach adopting a three year accelerated education model to complete primary education. SEEP is implementing the program with 7936 students at 60 School Compounds under 35 wards in Dhaka North, Gazipur and Narayongonj City Corporation. The program is implemented by 219 staffs.

Improving the Lives of Urban Extreme Poor Project

Project TitleILUEP Project : Improving the Lives of Urban Extreme Poor Project
Overall GoalTo improve the livelihood security and increase the resilience of the targeted urban extreme poor households living in slums, squatter settlements and on the pavements in Dhaka cities.
Project Results/ ObjectiveOutcome 1: Extreme poor households improved their income and financial asset
Outcome 2: Malnutrition rates children under 05 reduced among extreme poor households living in pavement, squatter and slums
Outcome 3: Women and girls of extreme poor households are empowered
Outcome 4: Extreme poor living in slum, squatter and pavement have access to social services and their rights
Outcome 5: Urban extreme poor households have improved access to water and sanitation facilities with improved hygiene practices and increased awareness on HIV and AIDS transmission
Outcome 6: Women of extreme poor household experience reduced incidence of Violence against Women and Girls
Duration2017 to 2021 (05 Years)
Funded ByIrish Aid
Geographical CoverageDhaka ( Mirpur- 1, Mirpur-2 and Mirpur-Gabtoli) Under DNCC
BudgetBDT 1,93,56,668/- (Per Year) Approximately 10,00,000,00/- for 05 Years
Target Beneficiaries • Pavement dwellers, Squatters Settlement & Under development slum dwellers
• Direct: 8082
• Indirect: 2155
Target Groups • urban extreme poor (UEP) households
• pavement dwellers
• Squatter settlement
• Undeveloped slum dwellers
Strategic Partners • Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC)
• Local Political leaders
• Local likeminded NGOs
• Urban Primary Health Care
• Local Counselor
Main Components/ Interventions of the Project • Livelihood
• Vocational training & Job placement
• Advocacy
• ECD
• Formal and Non formal Education
• Savings & Rotational savings scheme
• Health (Referral services)
• Wash and Nutrition
• Motivation and counseling
• Night shelter
• Resource Mobilization
• PDC Services
• Day Care Services
Project in briefThis Programme builds on the earlier work of Amrao Manush (AOM) project (dating back to 2008) with a prime focus on pavement dwellers (PD) in Dhaka. There were then and still are a very limited number of urban poverty focused actors meeting their needs. The challenge remains in improving the ‘graduation’ rates of the urban extreme poor (UEP) as many back slide, returning from the slums to the pavement/ street/ squat. Additionally numbers continue to increase from new migrants and population increase, and many who have remained as PD for 20 years or more (the situation becoming generational). For this reason part of the program area remains as the needs continue to remain high. The current Programme maintains the existing intervention areas around the strategy of service delivery from the Pavement Dweller Centre’s (PDCs) whilst also extending the number of new PD beneficiaries to neighboring areas through greater outreach.

The Programme addresses the needs of different target groups within the wider context of rapid urbanization and the growing number of urban poor anticipated in the next decade: (1) urban extreme poor (UEP) households (pavement, squatter & undeveloped slum dwellers) facing precarious unskilled, low paid, sometimes hazardous, daily labour; they lack access to credit and saving schemes and so lacking resilience against periodic shocks: fire, eviction, theft. Unsanitary conditions leads to a high prevalence of diseases when healthcare is not accessible and there are high levels of malnutrition amongst children. The UEP are poorly organized not well represented and lack access to basic services. (2) women and girls from UEP HHs face additional needs lacking economic, social and political empowerment that stems from a patriarchal male controlling society; there are high levels of GBV and early marriage both undermining the confidence and ability of women and girls to reach their potential. (3) Children under five experience high levels of chronic malnutrition (e.g. stunting) often connected to early marriage and the poor diet of pregnant women. Additionally there is limited support for play and other forms of early childhood development and access to day care. (4) Local authorities struggle to deliver their mandated roles in relation to the provision of healthcare, education (quality), water and sanitation and social safety nets for the extreme poor; and (5) the national government still does not have an approved urban policy and the extreme poor lack recognition and political representation to have their needs articulated and rights realized.

The overall goal of ILUEP project is to improve the livelihood security and increase the resilience to shocks of the targeted urban extreme poor households living in undeveloped slums, squatter settlements and on pavements in Dhaka. This will be accomplished primarily through livelihood enhancement augmented by improvements in nutrition, health, accessing services, women’s empowerment & control over decision making within the family and reduced violence against women & girls.

Combating Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

Project TitleCombating Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CCSEC) in Bangladesh
Overall GoalThe project aims to contribute to the elimination of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) in Bangladesh
Project Results/ ObjectiveThe specific objective of the project is to protect and promote the rights of survivors & at risk children of CSEC through facilitating implementation of ILO Convention 182 (ILO-C182) and UNCRC Optional Protocol 2 (UNCRC-OP-2) in Bangladesh.
The objective is intertwined with 2 results:
Result #1: 1000 survivors and at risk children of CSEC have been protected from commercial sexual                  exploitation or similar practices and to guarantee their rights by applying holistic and integral care; and
Result #2: Survivors & at risk children of CSEC influence policy & implementation of ILO-C182 and UNCRC-OP-2 in Bangladesh through engaging civil society & media.
DurationJanuary 2016-June 2019
Funded ByEuropean Union
Supported ByTdH Netherlands
Geographical CoverageWard # 8.9.10 Mirpur-1, under Dhaka North City Corporation, Dhaka and
Tangail Sardar, Tangail
BudgetBDT 3,14,08,097
Target Beneficiaries • Direct: 1000
• Indirect: 240000
Target Groups • 870 Street children in Dhaka
• 130 Sex workers’ children in Kandarpara Brothel, Tangail
Strategic Partners • Society for Social Services (SSS), Tangail
• Breaking The Silence (BTS), Dhaka
Main Components/ Interventions of the Project • DiC and Night Shelter for children (for basic needs fulfillment)
• Organization building (Child Led Organization-CLO) and Community Support Group (CSG)
• DiC Management Committee comprising children
• Non-formal/Multi-grade teaching and referral to formal education
• TVET training
• Life skills and livelihoods training
• Social campaign and dialogue with duty bearers
• Strategic Plan Development with CSOs
• Service provider meeting and workshop with CSO/media and activists network
• Evidence Based difference Research for policy advocacy of ILO-182 and OP-2
• Journalist visit to project site and publish feature article on CCSEC
• TV show
• Facebook page and updated project websites
• Legal Aid
• Family reintegration for socialization
Project in briefTerre des Hommes-Netherlands (TdH NL), in collaboration with 3 implementing partners – SEEP runs 2 Drop in Centers (DiCs) including night shelter for girls in Dhaka, SSS maintains 1 shelter home in Tangail and BTS provides psychosocial counselling supports to the victims and at risk children -   has been implementing the Combating Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CCSEC) project. Embarked on 1 January 2016, CCSEC is a 42 months project supported by the Delegation of the European Union in Dhaka.

Child led Social Accountability

Project TitleChild led Social Accountability Framework for Health and Education
Provision in Bangladesh
Overall GoalThe overall objective is to contribute to the realisation of children’s rights to health and education through increased accountability and responsiveness of primary health and education service delivery in Bangladesh.
Project Results/ ObjectiveResult 1 Effective, equitable and accountable service delivery and allocation of resources by education and health service providers and local authorities at project locations.
Result 2: Target group children and adolescents empowered as citizens individually and collectively to understand their rights and to engage with local decision makers.
Result 3 : Evidence generated to enable advocacy with the government and other key players to lobby for social sector services to have in-built social accountability mechanisms at the primary service delivery point, and include a strong element of child and youth-led interventions.
Result 4 : Strengthened national level child-led advocacy on effective, equitable and accountable service delivery and allocation of resources.
Result 5 : A new culture of learning and reflection nurtured among local officials, implementing partners, involved CBOS, NCTF and learning promotes improvement in social accountability framework
Duration2016-2018
Funded ByUk-AID
Supported BySCI
Geographical CoverageDNCC, Ward no- 2,3,and 5
Budget3104977 Bdt
Target Beneficiaries1300 children from 26 health and education institution
Target GroupsChildren, youth, Service provider
Strategic PartnersCity Corporation,Directorate of Primary and Mass Education, Directorate of Secondary and Higher Education, and Directorate of Health.
Main Components/ Interventions of the ProjectPROJECT COMPONENTS TO ACHIEVE THE OBJECTIVES
• Stakeholder mobilisation
◦ Introducing the project to the key stakeholders (including local government officials and representatives, service providers, youth, and children) and encouraging them to participate.
◦ This lays the groundwork for the project – explaining the need for an accountability intervention, and building a relationship with communities and service providers.
• Service assessments & Interface
◦ Information: Children are informed of their rights and entitlements, pertaining to education and health facilities.
◦ Social accountability tools: Children, service providers, and local government representatives co-design social accountability tools to monitor service delivery.
• Accountability for service improvement
◦ Action Plans
◦ Follow-up on Action Plans
◦ Refresher trainings on Social accountability tools

RIGOROUS RESEARCH AND TESTING
Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)
The project has a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) embedded into implementation. The RCT design provides a valid and reliable estimate of the impact of the Accountability process, separated from the impact of Information alone.
• RCTs are globally regarded as the gold-standard of program evaluation – the best-known technique – enabling a rigorous assessment of impacts.

The 62 facilities working with the project have been randomly assigned to two groups: Treatment and Control
• Treatment Group components
◦ All components mentioned in previous section
• Control Group components
◦ Stakeholder mobilisation
◦ Information

Digital Process Monitoring
We have put in place a digital data collection system to enable accurate documentation of every program activity.Our Digital process monitoring system allows us to continuously update andimprove the project – Data on project activities is systematically stored and analysed.
Project in briefThe overall objective is to contribute to the realization of children’s rights to health and education through increased accountability and responsiveness of primary health and education service delivery in Bangladesh.
a. Child/adolescent monitors (Participation groups)
One part of Stakeholder Mobilisation i.e. identifying children who are willing to track service delivery, through a participatory process. A “participation group” is simply a group of these child monitors. These groups are formed at the facility-level, so there is a distinct participation group for each of the 62 facilities working with the project. Broadly, the process is as follows:
• Children are given background information on the project, and encouraged to participate in the project.
• Those children who volunteer to participate are registered as a part of the “participation group” for that particular facility.
• Given resource considerations, it was decided that a maximum of 50 children may sign up to be a part of this group for any particular facility.
• In case more than 50 children express the desire to join the group, 50 children will be selected on a first-come-first-serve basis.
• Simply put: For any facility, the first 50 children who volunteer, form the participation group for that facility.
For education facilities, school students form the participation group. For health facilities, children living in the vicinity of clinics/hospitals/dispensaries form the participation group.

b. “Revolving door” participation (Roster groups)
As mentioned above, for each facility, there is a group of 50 “children/adolescent monitors”. These 50 children will be randomly split into 3 groups, which will take turns to monitor and track service delivery. Each group will participate for a maximum of 4 months. And to ensure coherence and continuity, only after one roster group’s ends, will another roster group’s participation begin.

This “revolving door” system ensures that a greater number of children are able to engage closely with service providers.

Assistance Specifically Needed form the Directorate of Health
• The foremost assistance is to get the directorate involvement directly with the project
• Redress the problems sorted by the children, youth and service providers by the directorate
• To have intermittent visit in the intervening area by the directorate officials

Child Friendly Local Governance

Project TitleChild Friendly Local Governance-CFLG
Overall GoalBy 2021, the Government of Bangladesh has scaled up the “child-friendly governance framework” pilot with the objective of ensuring stronger child participation and accountability to children by local government.
Project Results/ ObjectiveResult1- Civil society organisations are supported financially and with technical assistance to implement Child Friendly Local Governance model projects with children.
Result2- Children in deprived urban and rural communities have participated in child-led social accountability to participate in local government budget and planning sessions.
DurationJanuary 2017-Dec 2021
Funded ByCIDA-CSO
Supported BySave the Children
Geographical CoverageWard # 2,3,5,6,7under Dhaka North City Corporation.
BudgetBDT 2033014
Target Beneficiaries • Direct: 5000
• Indirect: 15000
Target GroupsChildren living in the slum
Strategic PartnersMinistry of LGRD, DNCC
Main Components/ Interventions of the Project 1. Children participation in Decision making process and budget preparation
2. Complaint and Response Mechanism
3. Advocacy for scaling up CFLG process in DNCC
4. Service and Child rights monitoring
5. Dialogue sessions and ministry level meeting
6. Capacity strengthening of children and stakeholders
Project in briefBangladesh is the most populated country in the world, with 161 million people, including 63 million children. 17.6% of the population (28 million people) lives in extreme poverty on less than $1.25 a day, and access to basic services such as healthcare and education is very limited for the most vulnerable sectors of society. Urbanisation has steadily increased, with more and more families seeking work opportunities in the country’s cities. It is estimated that 5 million people live in slums. Access to basic essential services in such communities is scarce. Children growing up in Dhaka’s slum areas are denied their basic rights. Children living in slum areas are particularly at risk of communicable diseases because of a lack of clean water and sanitation, and limited understanding of good health practices. Medical services in urban slums are delivered at a cost and most slum dwellers rely on advice from medicine sellers. Bangladesh has one of the highest rates of child-marriage in the world. Nearly two-thirds of adolescent girls are married (10-19 years).
A recent study conducted by Save the Children found that more than 50% of slum children were functionally illiterate1. Poor education and poverty drives many children into work at a young age in poorly paid and hazardous jobs. Most children in slum areas live with their parents, however they are still extremely vulnerable to abuse and exploitation, including child labour, violence, physical and psychological abuse. Parents are often unaware of a child’s protection needs and child survivors of abuse rarely access protective, legal or recovery services as none exist in slums. Children living in slum areas have no opportunities to participate in the issues that affect them. Children have no opportunity to raise their voice and engage with decision makers within the government and civil society.
One of the greatest barriers to improving the situation for families living in slum areas is the government’s failure to recognise these are formal communities which require policies and development plans. Very limited data exists on the situation for families in urban areas2, and the government is reluctant to invest in these areas in case it promotes further urban migration. Whilst Bangladesh has made huge strides in development for rural communities, more work needs to be undertaken to advocate for the importance of government investment in urban development, if all children are to attain their rights.

Governance situation in urban areas:
The key ingredient of sustainable urban development is good governance, especially through the local urban governments. Therefore steps should be taken to develop authority and power from the centres to the City Corporations and paurashava level and strengthen the capacity and capability of these local bodies to interact effectively with urban citizens and meet their needs within strategic frameworks set by the government. Good urban governance envisages effective leadership of the elected representatives of City Corporations and Paurashavas with participation of the municipal officials, the central government agencies at the local level, the private sector, NGOs, civil society and the people. (National Urban Sector Policy 2011 (Draft) developed by the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives). Related sections in National Urban Sector Draft Policy which contributes to our work are:
Urban Governance (5.20): Devolution of authority and power from the Centre to the Local urban Authorities. Capacity building of local government. Establishing transparency and accountability of the local government. Institutional reforms for better urban governance. Formulate City Corporation’s city development committee and Paurashavas development committee. Infrastructure and Services (5.9): Provision of urban infrastructure and services. Urban local Finance and resource mobilization (5.4): Government should formulate strategies for strengthening of urban local institutions to raise their own funds. Local authorities should be entitled to share of tax received by the central government from local industrial and other establishment. Health and education (5.11): Ensure implementation of universal free and compulsory education at primary level and free secondary education for girls. Provision of free healthcare for the underserved population with emphasis to the special health needs of women and children .Urban Children, Aged, the Disabled and Street children and Scavengers (5.14): Urban plan should keep adequate provision for the healthy and development of children of all income groups. The local government body should design and implement regular survey of deprived groups in urban areas to keep track numbers, origin and location of street children and other disadvantaged groups or individuals. Improve social, educational and health services and housing for children. Take measures in physical planning of cities and buildings for the disabled. Enhance the protection for children from all forms of abuse. Extend services for children of working mothers. Enforce laws for dealing child labour. Promote program to eliminate malnutrition. Remove social exclusion of street children and scavengers the aged and disabled. In accordance to the commitment of PRSP government /city authority will provide shelter for children, scavengers, aged and the disabled who are in needs of support.

According to the City Corporation Law 2009, Local Government (Municipality) Act 2009, Local Government (City Corporation) (Amended Act) 2011 City Corporations have compulsory functions such as registration of births, deaths3and marriages. Optional functions include maintenance of educational institutions, recreational and cultural facilities, actions for poverty reduction. The municipalities are supposed to develop 10 standing committees out of which “Women and Children standing Committee” is directly responsible for dealing with children’s issues and can influence other standing committees to be child-friendly. All service providing institutions, such as schools, hospitals/ clinics must be registered with the municipality. Municipality is also responsible for awareness raising on socially meaningful and significant issues.

Proyash II

Project TitleProyash II - An Urban Risk Reduction Project
Overall GoalIncreased preparedness and resilience of urban slum communities in Dhaka, Savar, and Chattogram to urban resilience to informal settlements.  
Project Results/ Objective • Enhanced capacities of women, children and relevant government institutions to contribute to urban resilience in informal settlements
• Scaled up and institutionalized CSS, DRR and EiE into Primary & Secondary education
• Steered policy advocacy to integrate women and children’s issues in urban resilience through generated evidence
DurationJuly 2018 - June 2023
Funded ByC&A Foundation
Supported BySave the Children International (SCI)
Geographical CoverageDhaka, Savar and Chattogram
BudgetBDT 72,223,044
Target Beneficiaries • Direct: 24,000
• Indirect: 120,000
Target Groups • Ward Disaster Management Committee (WDMC)
• Urban Community Volunteers (UCV)
• School Management Committee (SMC)
• Student Council (SC)
• Civil Society Organization (CSO)
• Community Based Organization (CBO)
• Working Women
• Parents
• Caregivers
• Media and Academia
• Government Officials
• Community People
Strategic Partners • Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC)
• Savar Municipality
• Chattogram City Corporation (CCC)
• Chottogram Development Authority (CDA)
• Bangladesh Fire Service and Civil Defense (BFSCD)
• Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR)
• Department of Disaster Management (DDM)
• Ministry of Education (MoE)
• Bangladesh Institute of Planners (BIP)
• Urban Development Directorate (UDD)
• Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha (RAJUK)
Main Components/ Interventions of the Project • Capacity Building
• Local level DRR Plan
• Incorporating DRR findings into Annual Development Plan
• Children and Women engagement in DRR
• Child Sensitive Urban Planning
• Functional Disaster Management Committee
• Urban Community Volunteers
• Small-scale Mitigation
• School Disaster Management
• Clean, Green and Safe School
• Earthquake Contingency Plan
• Knowledge Hub in Urban Slums
• DRR in Education
Project in briefPROYASH (a Bengali word to serve to achieve something) phase II is a five years urban risk reduction project of Save the Children Bangladesh funded by C&A Foundation. It hopes to reach of people twenty four thousand (24,000) direct and one lac twenty thousand (120,000) indirect beneficiaries through its activities with the support of its partner, YPSA (Young Power in Social Action) and Social and Economic Enhancement Program (SEEP), in the disaster vulnerable urban area of Dhaka, Savar and Chattogram. Its overall purpose is to increase preparedness and resilience of urban slum communities in Dhaka, Savar and Chattogram to cope with shocks and stresses. The objective is to enhance capacities of women, children and relevant government institutions to contribute to urban resilience. Proyash Phase II will work to increase capacity of community based disaster management committees (DMCs), women, children, youth and other community members. The project’s main interventions target women and children in particular, ensuring their participation in local risk assessments and planning. To sustain the effort, Proyash Phase II will act to build a strong network and liaison with government, NGOs, INGOs, academia, research institutions and the private sector, so as to ensure a combined effort in effective urban risk management. For sustainability and long-term impact, the project will work with the city corporations and municipalities and local government authorities to include risk reduction planning into the annual development plans.